How to Install TURN Server on Ubuntu For WebRTC

In this article you will learn how to install TURN Server on Ubuntu 20.04 LTC for WebRTC, configure Coturn with Long Term Credential Mechanism, configure IPTables firewall, check TURN server.

The TURN server implements the STUN protocol also.

Coturn is free open source TURN server.

Requirements

To install Coturn Server minimum you will need:

  • Installed minimal Ubuntu server 20.04 LTS (or never)
  • Public IP for your your server
  • SSL Certificates for the sub-domains (in this guide we will generate free Letsencrypt SSL certificate)

Installing Coturn Server In Ubuntu/Debian

To install Coturn Server in Ubuntu 20.04 LTS run:

$ sudo apt-get update
$ sudo apt-get install openssl coturn

Configuring Coturn

Before start configuring TURN server backup your original Coturn configuration file:

$ sudo cp /etc/turnserver.conf /etc/turnserver.orig

Generating TLS Certificates

To generate free TLS certificates for out TURN Server we will use certbot tool from Let’s Encrypt.

$ sudo apt-get -y update
$ sudo apt-get -y install certbot

Then run a certbot command for generate the certificate:

$ sudo certbot certonly --standalone

Wizard will ask your email and server domain name.

Example output:

If everything fine, your brand new generated SSL/TLS certificates you can found in /etc/letsencrypt/live/YOUR_DOMAIN directory.

To generate a DH file 2048 bit using OpenSSL run (can take long time):

$ cd /etc/letsencrypt/live/YOUR_DOMAIN/
$ sudo openssl dhparam -out dhparam.pem 2048

Now add flowing lines into your TURN Server config file – /etc/turnserver.conf:

server-name=YOUR_DOMAIN
cert=/etc/letsencrypt/live/YOUR_DOMAIN/cert.pem
pkey=/etc/letsencrypt/live/YOUR_DOMAIN/privkey.pem
dh-file=/etc/letsencrypt/live/YOUR_DOMAIN/dhparam.pem
cipher-list="ECDHE-ECDSA-AES128-GCM-SHA256:ECDHE-RSA-AES128-GCM-SHA256:ECDHE-ECDSA-AES256-GCM-SHA384:ECDHE-RSA-AES256-GCM-SHA384:ECDHE-ECDSA-CHACHA20-POLY1305:ECDHE-RSA-CHACHA20-POLY1305:DHE-RSA-AES128-GCM-SHA256:DHE-RSA-AES256-GCM-SHA384"

TURN Server Configuration

Fill /etc/turnserver.conf with next config, replace with your real, IP, username and passwords:

# Replace with the realm of you server
realm=YourServerRealm
fingerprint
listening-ip=0.0.0.0
# Replace with your TURN server external IP 
external-ip=SERVER_EXTERNAL_IP
listening-port=3478
tls-listening-port=5349
min-port=32769
max-port=65535
log-file=/var/log/turnserver.log
verbose
no-cli
no-loopback-peers
no-multicast-peers

cert=/etc/letsencrypt/live/YOUR_DOMAIN/cert.pem
pkey=/etc/letsencrypt/live/YOUR_DOMAIN/privkey.pem
dh-file=/etc/letsencrypt/live/YOUR_DOMAIN/dhparam.pem
cipher-list="ECDHE-ECDSA-AES128-GCM-SHA256:ECDHE-RSA-AES128-GCM-SHA256:ECDHE-ECDSA-AES256-GCM-SHA384:ECDHE-RSA-AES256-GCM-SHA384:ECDHE-ECDSA-CHACHA20-POLY1305:ECDHE-RSA-CHACHA20-POLY1305:DHE-RSA-AES128-GCM-SHA256:DHE-RSA-AES256-GCM-SHA384"

#Long Term Credential Mechanism authentication
lt-cred-mech
user1=username1:password1
user2=username2:password2

Stop/Start Coturn Server

$ sudo systemctl status coturn 
$ sudo systemctl start coturn
$ sudo systemctl stop coturn
$ sudo systemctl restart coturn

Run Coturn at Startup

To enable Coturn auto-start at boot time:

$ sudo systemctl enable coturn

Check Coturn Service

Check if the service Coturn is running:

$ sudo ps -ax | grep turn

Example output:

Test Coturn Server

To test Coturn server configuration use free service Trickle ICE for testing TURN/STUN servers. It will create a connections with the specified TURN/ICE Servers, and then starts candidate gathering for a session with a single audio stream.

Enter your STUN or TURN URI, TURN username, TURN password, Add Server, then push “”Gather candidates” button.
If your TURN/STUN server is configured correctly, then at the end you should see: DONE.
As shown in example output:

Check TURN Server

TURN Server Ports

The default ports for STUN and TURN servers using by WebRTC are:

HTTP/HTTPSTCP80/443
TURN/STUNTCP, UDP3478
TURN TLSTCP, UDP5349
TURN RelayUDP32768-65535

Configure IPtables Firewall for using TURN

Clear IPtables rules:
# iptables -P INPUT ACCEPT
# iptables -F
# iptables -X

Insert rules firewall rules for TURN server:

# iptables - -A INPUT -i lo -j ACCEPT
# iptables --A INPUT -m state --state RELATED,ESTABLISHED -j ACCEPT
# iptables --A INPUT -s Your_IP -p tcp -m tcp --dport 22 -m state --state NEW -m comment --comment "Alow SSH from your IP " -j ACCEPT
# iptables --A INPUT -p tcp -m tcp --dport 80 -j ACCEPT
# iptables --A INPUT -p udp -m udp --dport 443 -j ACCEPT
# iptables --A INPUT -p tcp -m tcp --dport 3478 -j ACCEPT
# iptables --A INPUT -p udp -m udp --dport 3478 -j ACCEPT
# iptables --A INPUT -p tcp -m tcp --dport 5349 -j ACCEPT
# iptables --A INPUT -p udp -m udp --dport 5349 -j ACCEPT
# iptables --A INPUT -p udp -m udp --dport 49152:65535 -j ACCEPT
# iptables -P INPUT DROP
# iptables -P FORWARD DROP
# iptables -P OUTPUT ACCEPT

If you don’t have iptables-persistent install it:

$ sudo apt-get install iptables-persistent

   

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Summary
How to Install TURN Server on Ubuntu
Article Name
How to Install TURN Server on Ubuntu
Description
How to Install and configure TURN Server on Ubuntu for WebRTC
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ARSTECH
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